AAVE stands for African American Vernacular English. It is a variety of English that is spoken by many Black people in the United States, and it is characterized by its own set of grammatical rules, vocabulary, and pronunciation.
Ableism is discrimination against disabled people. It can be physical barriers or negative attitudes and stereotypes. It affects education, employment, and other areas of life. Ableism is perpetuated by societal norms and impacts the quality of life and well-being of disabled people.
Anti-blackness is the prejudice and discrimination against Black people. It is based on the belief that Black people are inferior to other racial groups and is often reinforced by societal norms and institutions.
Antisemitism is a form of prejudice or discrimination against Jews, based on the belief that Jews are a separate and inferior race, religion, or nationality. Antisemitism can take many forms, including violence, hate speech, discrimination in employment or education, and other forms of persecution.
Cash bail is a system that allows people who have been arrested to be released from jail before their trial by paying a set amount of money. If they don’t go to court as required, they may lose the bail or be pursued for the full amount.
Dominant culture refers to the cultural values, beliefs, and practices that are prevalent in a society and that are often associated with mainstream or dominant groups. Dominant culture is often characterized by its dominance over other cultures and its ability to shape and influence societal norms and expectations.
Implicit biases are attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious manner. These biases are not necessarily based on personal prejudices or beliefs, but rather on societal and cultural conditioning.
Internalized oppression is the internalization of negative messages and beliefs about oneself and one’s group that are perpetuated by a society or system that oppresses them. It can manifest as self-hatred, low self-esteem, self-doubt, and a lack of self-worth.
Intersectionality describes how aspects of a person’s identity, such as their race, gender, sexual orientation, class, and ability, intersect and can create unique experiences of discrimination or privilege.
Misogynoir describes the specific forms of misogyny and sexism that Black women experience. It is a combination of the words misogyny, which refers to the hatred or dislike of women, and noir, which means black in French.
The model minority myth is a stereotype that suggests certain minority groups, especially Asian Americans, are naturally more successful and hardworking than others due to their culture, not systemic barriers and discrimination.
Oppression is the systemic use of power and authority to discriminate against and marginalize a particular group of people, often on the basis of their race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, or other characteristics.
Redlining is a practice of discrimination in which businesses deny or limit services, like mortgages or insurance, based on the racial makeup of neighborhoods. It often targets minority neighborhoods and limits access to credit and wealth. It’s illegal under federal fair housing laws.
Reparations are actions taken to compensate for harm or injury, particularly in the context of racial justice. This may include financial compensation for the descendants of enslaved people and marginalized communities in the US.
Tokenism is including a small number of marginalized people to appear diverse without addressing discrimination. It often involves giving token roles or responsibilities without equal opportunities or support.
White feminism is a form of feminism that focuses exclusively on the experiences and needs of white women, often without acknowledging or addressing the intersections of race, class, and other forms of oppression that shape the experiences of women of color and other marginalized groups.
White savior complex refers to the belief that white people have a responsibility or a right to save or rescue people of color from their problems or circumstances. The white savior complex often involves a sense of superiority and a lack of awareness of one’s own privilege.